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How To Grow Succulent Strawberries Hydroponically

Strawberries are luscious, sweet, and packed with nutrients, making them a favorite among fruit enthusiasts. While traditional soil cultivation is common, hydroponic systems offer an innovative and efficient method to grow strawberries. Hydroponic cultivation allows for precise control over growing conditions, resulting in healthier plants, increased yields, and minimal environmental impact. In this blog, we will explore the properties of strawberries, the ideal growing conditions required for hydroponic cultivation, and essential maintenance practices to ensure a fruitful harvest.

Understanding the Properties of Strawberries:

Before diving into hydroponic cultivation, it is crucial to understand the properties of strawberries and what makes them unique compared to other crops.

Growth Habit: Strawberries are perennial plants that typically grow as low, creeping herbs. They produce runners, which are stems that run along the ground and give rise to new plants.

Varieties: There are three main types of strawberries: June-bearing, Everbearing, and Day-neutral. June-bearing strawberries produce a large crop during early summer. Everbearing varieties yield two harvests, one in summer and one in fall. Day-neutral strawberries produce fruit throughout the growing season, with a reduced yield per harvest.

Climate Requirements: Strawberries thrive in temperate climates with well-defined seasons, although certain varieties can adapt to different conditions. Most strawberries prefer full sunlight, and their temperature tolerance ranges from 60°F to 80°F (15°C to 27°C).

Nutritional Needs: Strawberries require essential nutrients such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), and magnesium (Mg) for proper growth and fruit production.

Ideal Growing Conditions for Hydroponic Strawberries:

Hydroponic systems provide the perfect environment for growing strawberries, as they allow precise control over key growth factors. Here are the ideal conditions for successful hydroponic strawberry cultivation:

Hydroponic System Selection:

  • Nutrient Film Technique (NFT): A sloping, nutrient-filled channel that allows the plant roots to be partially submerged while maintaining air exposure.
  • Deep Water Culture (DWC): A floating platform supporting plants, with their roots submerged in nutrient-rich water.
  • Vertical Towers: Vertical setups with pockets or trays for strawberry plants, allowing high-density planting.

Temperature and Humidity:

Maintain a stable temperature range between 65°F to 75°F (18°C to 24°C) during the day and slightly cooler at night. Adequate humidity levels around 60-70% will promote healthy growth.

Light Requirements:

Strawberries need at least 10-12 hours of bright light daily for optimal photosynthesis. Supplemental LED grow lights can be used to ensure sufficient light exposure, especially in indoor setups.

Nutrient Solution:

Use a balanced hydroponic nutrient solution designed for strawberries. The solution should include nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and micronutrients. Keep the pH level between 5.5 and 6.5 to facilitate nutrient absorption.

Growing Medium:

Choose a suitable growing medium that provides support, aeration, and allows for proper root growth. Common options include coconut coir, rockwool, or perlite.

Ongoing Plant Maintenance:

Successful hydroponic strawberry cultivation requires consistent care and attention to ensure healthy plant growth and a bountiful harvest. Here are essential maintenance practices:


Monitor the water level regularly to prevent root dehydration or waterlogging. Ensure the roots are submerged in the nutrient solution while maintaining adequate aeration.

Nutrient Management:

Regularly test the nutrient solution's pH and adjust it as needed. Also, monitor the nutrient levels and replenish the solution according to the plant's stage of growth.


In hydroponic setups, pollination can be manual. Gently brush the flowers with a soft brush to facilitate the transfer of pollen and stimulate fruit production.


Remove any yellow or dead leaves, as well as runners that divert energy from fruit production. Pruning encourages better air circulation and promotes healthier plants.

Pest and Disease Control:

Implement preventative measures, such as using sterilized equipment and maintaining proper hygiene to minimize the risk of pests and diseases. Organic insecticides can be used to control pests if necessary.


For vertical tower setups, provide adequate support using trellises to prevent the plants from bending or breaking under the weight of the fruit.


Strawberries are best harvested when fully ripe. Gently pick the ripe strawberries to avoid damaging the delicate fruits and store them at cool temperatures.

Growing strawberries hydroponically is an exciting and rewarding endeavor. With precise control over growing conditions and diligent maintenance, you can enjoy juicy, succulent strawberries year-round. From selecting the appropriate hydroponic system to providing the ideal environment and nutrient balance, your efforts will be rewarded with a delicious and plentiful harvest of hydroponic strawberries.