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in's and out's of Coco and Coco based mediums

Growing outdoors seems easy, find some potting mix, grab some compost and you are basically on your way.

Indoor can be quite the opposite, the potting mix you bought from the store came with complimentary bugs now have no predators to combat them, the smell from the compost now becomes more noticeable. In this post we will discuss the advantages and disadvantages when it comes to different mediums.
 

The advantages of coconut coir 

Coco Coir, one of the most popular mediums for hobbyist and expert growers. It is reusable, environmentally friendly, can hold 8-9 times its weight in water and can come in many forms to suit your specific needs. Coco Coir is basically used in a "hydroponic setting". The reason for this is because of Coco Coir's low EC, meaning it has no charge at all, you will need to give everything the plant needs to live via nutrients.

How do you use coconut coir for indoor plants?

Coco Coir is renewable, one palm tree produces anywhere from 20-70 fruits per year. Making Coco Coir much more renewable than peat moss. You are able to reuse your coco once you have finished a grow also, just simply remove all the plant matter from the medium, leaves, roots etc. Wash it with distilled water, and you are ready to go again! How simple.
 
Coco acts like a wrung out sponge, holding up to a whopping 8-9 times its weight in water, in fact even when fully saturated it still holds around 22% air. A lot of people will add perlite at a 30%/70% perlite/coco to help with the retention of water.
 
Coco Coir does not form a crust as it dries unlike peat moss, meaning it does not become hydrophobic when very dry. Being able to take water on like it was fresh.

The disadvantages of coconut coir 

There are a few things you need to look out for while using Coco Coir as a growing medium.
 
The first thing is because Coco Coir does not buffer the pH of nutrient solution as effectively as your standard soil, you need to make sure the pH of the nutrient solution inflow is within the range of 5.5 - 6.5, the sweet spot that we have found is more so around 5.8.
 
Coco Coir also tends to lock out certain nutrients to a point. The nutrients this occurs with are Ca(Calcium), Mg(Magnesium) and Fe(iron). Because of the Coco Coir fibers holding onto these nutrients and very solemnly releasing them to the plant roots, supplementation of these specific elements via a nutrient blend such as "CalMag" may be required.

What is Canna Terra Professional and the benefits 

CANNA terra professional is another prized medium a lot of growers prefer. CANNA Terra Professional is a nitrogen-rich potting mix for plant cultivation. It contains a blend of Coco Coir, upgraded black peat, granulated peat moss and perlite.
 
So what is Peat? One of the ingredients of this Terra substrate is Peat. Peat originates in an environment where climatological circumstances break down dead plant material. Over the years the plant rests accumulate in a layer of organic dust a couple of meters deep.

What is the benefits 

- exclusive, high value organic ingredients.
-Promotes exceptional root development.
-Faster metabolism combined with low sickness rates ensure an increased procutgin resulting in higher yields.
 
CANNA Terra Professional is homogenous in structure, natural and free of harmful viruses and soil diseases. CANNA Terra Professional has a complex water/air system that creates conditions ideal for virtually every form of cultivation. After use, Canna Terra Professional makes an excellent potting mix improver.